Sumatran Elephant

Sumatran Elephants are found in the lowland forests, and on gentle hill areas below 300 meters, on the Indonesian islands of Sumatran and Borneo. They feed on a variety of plants and then drop seeds wherever they go, which contributes to a healthy ecosystem in the forests. The Sumatran Elephants share their forest habitats with several other endangered species, including the Sumatran rhino, tiger, and orangutan.

There are approximately 2,400-2,800 Sumatran Elephants left in the wild.

Sumatran Elephants are threatened by poaching, deforestation, and habitat loss. Even though they have smaller tusks they are still tracked by poachers. Only male Sumatran Elephants have tusks, which skews the sex ratio and constrains breeding rates for the species.

The island of Sumatra has one of the highest deforestation rates within the Asian elephant’s range; 69% of potential Sumatran Elephant habitat has been lost over one generation. This is largely caused by the palm oil industry. In 2012 the Sumatran Elephant was changed from “Endangered” to “Critically Endangered” due to half of the population being lost in one generation. This loss was mainly due to human-elephant conflict.

The Sumatran Elephant is considered to be a Critically Endangered Species – which is defined as facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild.


Sumatran Elephant Facts:

Scientific Name: Elephas Maximus Sumatranus

Status: Critically Endangered

Population: 2,400-2,800.

Height: 5-9 feet at the shoulder.

Weight: Approximately 5 tons.

Length: Up to 20 feet.

Habitat: Broadleaf moist tropical forests.


Why They Matter

Sumatran Elephants feed on a variety of plants and deposit seeds wherever they go, contributing to a healthy forest ecosystem.


*Sumatran Elephant information from World Wildlife Fund and IUCN Red List



For the Sumatran Elephant we donate to the International Elephant Foundation.