The Sumatran Tiger is found only on the Indonesian island of Sumatra. Fewer than 400 Sumatran Tigers exist today. In 1978, a tiger census reported there were around 1,000 Sumatran Tigers still in the Wild. Over the past 38 years, the population has been cut by over half.
The Sumatran Tiger is one of the smallest tigers, only weighing about 265 pounds. They have thinner stripes on their coats, which helps them to remain camouflaged as they dart throughout the long grasses of Sumatra. The males have particularly long fur around the faces, giving them a distinctive maned appearance.
Their habitat ranges from lowland forest to mountain forest and includes evergreen, swamp and tropical rain forest on Sumatra. As Sumatra has seen agricultural growth the Sumatran Tiger’s habitat has been severely fragmented. Most of the remaining Sumatran tigers now live in five National Parks, two Game Reserves. Around 100 still live in unprotected areas.
The destruction of habitat is considered the greatest threat to their survival. About 16.6 million acres of forest – larger than the state of West Virginia – were lost in Sumatra between 1985 and 1997. The next largest threats are poaching for the illegal wildlife trade for tiger parts, and human-tiger conflict. Despite conservation efforts, their population continues to decline.
The Sumatran Tiger is considered to be a Critically Endangered Species -- which is defined as facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the Wild.
Sumatran Tiger Facts
Scientific Name: Panthera Tigris Sumatrae
Status: Critically Endangered
Size: They can grow to be 6.5ft - 7.8ft
Weight: The average weight is 176lbs - 330lbs
Top Speed: 60mph
Life Span: They live approximately 18 - 25 years
Lifestyle: The Sumatran Tiger's are solitary animals
Habitats: Forest Habitat, Grasslands, Wetlands
Why They Matter
The island of Sumatra is the only place where tigers, rhinos, orangutans and elephants live together. The presence of the Sumatran tiger is an important indicator of the forest’s biodiversity. Protecting tigers and their habitat means many other species benefit – including humans.
*Sumatran Tiger information from World Wildlife Fund, IUCN Red List and Panthera
For the Sumatran Tiger we donate to HAkA.